Brief Biography of Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him)

Brief Biography of Ibraheem

The well-known messenger Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) was the son of Aazar. Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) is well known not only to Muslims but recognized as a messenger to Christians and Jews too. He was born in a village of idle worshippers. His father would make and sell idles. This only sparked curiosity in his mind and he began to question the practices of his people. Allah guided him and showed him his existence through his creation. When the night covered him over with darkness he saw a star. He said: “this is my lord”. But when it set, he said: “I don’t like those that set”. When he saw the moon rising up he said: “this is my lord”. But when it set he said: “unless my lord guides me, I shall surely be among the people who went astray”. When he saw the sun rising up he said: “this is my lord. This is greater”. But when it set he said: “O my people! I am indeed free from all that you join as partners”. (1)


He invited his father towards the oneness of Allah using logical argument and the intellect Allah gave him. When he said to his father: “O my father! Why do you worship that which does not hear, does not see, and does not benefit you in anything? O my father! Verily there has come to me of knowledge that which has not come to you, so follow me, I will guide you to the straight path. O my father! Don’t worship Shaytaan. Verily Shaytaan is disobedient to the most merciful. O my father! Verily I fear that a punishment of the most merciful may touch you, thus you will become a friend of Shaytaan. (2)


He extended his invitation to his people when he said to his father and his people: “what are these idols upon which you are devoted?” They said: “we found our fathers worshipping them.” He said: “you and your fathers have been in clear error.” They said: “Have you bought us the truth or are you from those who play about?” He said: “Rather your lord is the lord of the heavens and earth, the one who created them, and I am of the witnesses upon that. And by Allah, I shall plot against your idols after you turn away.”(3)


So on their day of celebration the villagers prepared for festivities and Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) was invited. He made an excuse of being ill and stayed behind. He executed his plan in there absence. So he broke them to pieces except their biggest so that they may turn to it. (4) On there return they wished to pray to their idols. Upon seeing what had happened they began talking to each other and investigating. They said: “Who did this to our gods? He is definitely of the wrong doers.” They said: “We heard a young man mentioning them, he is called Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him).” They said: “So bring him before the eyes of the people so they may witness.” They said: “Did you do this to our gods Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him)?” He said: “Rather this big one of theirs did it so ask them if they can speak.” So they turned to themselves and said: “Verily you are the wrong doers.” Then they returned to there thoughts saying (to Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him)) “Indeed you know these don’t speak.” He said: “Do you then worship besides Allah that which doesn’t benefit you in the least nor harm you? Fie upon you and upon that which you worship besides Allah! Do you not have sense?” (5)


He also invited the king towards the oneness of Allah in the same manner. Have you not seen the one who disputed with Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) because Allah gave him kingdom? When Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) said: “My lord is he who gives life and causes death.” He said: “I give life and cause death.” (6) He summoned a prisoner and freed him. He also summoned a free man and put him to death showing that he was also capable of giving life and death. It was obvious that the king had not understood what Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) was explaining, so to make him understand and clarify further Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) said: “Verily Allah brings the sun from the east, so you bring it from the west.” So the one who disbelieved was startled. And Allah doesn’t guide wrong doing people. (6)


After calling his people to the oneness of Allah with clear proofs and evidences he was bitterly rejected. They kindled a fire to throw him into. They said: “Burn him and help your gods if you are ones to do.” We said: “O fire, become cool and safe for Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him). (7) Thus the fire did not harm Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him). However he could no longer stay with his people so he migrated away from them with his wife Haajar (Peace Be Upon Her) towards the city of Makkah, which at that time was uninhabitable. No vegetation grew there. It was only a dry desert land with a few mountains. Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) left his wife and baby son Ismaeel (Peace Be Upon Him) there. As he walked away his wife exclaimed: “Where are you going? Are you leaving us here? Are you leaving us here when there is no food or drink here?” He simply replied: “Yes”. She responded: “Then he won’t let us perish.” In her husband’s absence Haajar (Peace Be Upon Her) became very thirsty and she feared for her life and the life of her son. In desperation she ran from one mountain, Safa to another, Marwa several times in search of water. Allah caused a spring to gush for them from which they drank. This was the well of Zamzam.


Allah tested Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) further and his son Ismaeel. “And when he was old enough to walk with him he said: “O my son! I see in a dream that I am slaughtering you, so see, what do you think?” (8) And the dreams of prophets are revelations from Allah. He said: “O my father! Do what you have been commanded. If Allah wills you will find me to be of the patient ones.” (8) So the father took his son a short distance away to a place called Mina where he was to slaughter him. So when they submitted and he laid him on his side. And we called out to him: “O Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him)! You have proven the dream to be true.” Verily thus we reward the good doers. Verily this is indeed a clear trial. (9) Allah prevented the knife from cutting. And he ransomed him with a great sacrifice. (10) The sacrifice of a ram.


Makkah was still an uninhabitable land and idol worship still existed in other lands so Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) supplicated to his lord. And when Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) said: “O my lord! Make this city peaceful and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols. O my lord! They have indeed led astray many among mankind. But whoever follows me is surly of me, and whoever disobeys you then you are surly forgiving and merciful. O our lord! I have settled some of my offspring in a barren valley by your sacred house, o our lord, so they may establish salaah (prayer). So make the hearts of people loving towards them and provide them with fruits so they may be grateful. (11) By the blessing of his supplication Makkah slowly began to draw the interest of passing travellers. Some settled there forming a small community. The site of the Kaba had always been sanctified but the building itself was built by Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) and Ismaeel (Peace Be Upon Him) with there own hands using stone from the mountains. And when Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) and Ismaeel were raising the foundations of the house saying: “Our lord! Accept from us. Verily you are the all-hearing and all-knowing. (12)


Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him) had another wife called Saara who lived in Shaam (a region north of Saudi Arabia). He had a son from her called Ishaaq. He was the first in a long line of prophets whose lineage leads back to Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him). Our beloved messenger Muhammed’s (Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him) lineage stems from Ismaeel (Peace Be Upon Him). He was very grateful for his sons and he thanked Allah saying: All praise is to Allah, the one who granted me Ismaeel and Ishaaq in old age. Indeed my lord is one who hears invocations. (13)


Peace be upon Ibraheem (Peace Be Upon Him). (14)


(1) Quran: chapter 6, verse 76-78

(2) Quran: chapter 19, verse 42-45

(3) Quran: chapter 21, verse 52-57

(4) Quran: chapter 21, verse 58

(5) Quran: chapter 21, verse 59-67

(6) Quran: chapter 1, verse 258

(7) Quran: chapter 21, verse 68-69

(8) Quran: chapter 37, verse 102

(9) Quran: chapter 37, verse 103-106

(10) Quran: chapter 37, verse 107

(11) Quran: chapter 14, verse 35-37

(12) Quran: chapter 1, verse 127

(13) Quran: chapter 14, verse 39

(14) Quran: chapter 37, verse 109

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Tayyib HMC FInder

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